A "weak" chin can make the nose look larger or give the appearance of a fleshy neck. Chin augmentation allows patients to create a profile they find more pleasing, whether by creating a more defined chin, or a smaller one. Using chin augmentation surgery, a plastic surgeon can create more balanced relationship between the various facial structures.
How is chin augmentation performed?
Chin augmentation uses synthetics or biologicals to augment the bone structure, making the chin more or less prominent. It is very common for a chin augmentation to be performed in conjunction with a rhinoplasty allowing the surgeon to create an ideal profile for the candidate in one procedure. There are two main types of chin augmentation procedures: surgery and injectables.
Like almost any type of surgery, the procedure used in a chin augmentation requires the use of a surgical facility, an anesthesiologist, and may involve an inpatient stay in a hospital. Chin augmentation surgery is usually performed in order to insert an implant into the tissue just on top of the jaw. Chin implants require the insertion of a sculpted piece of silicone, inserted into a pocket in the fascia and sutured in place. During cosmetic chin surgery designed to reduce the appearance of the chin, an incision is made and the bone is sculpted, the excess removed, and the incision closed.
After surgery for chin augmentation, patients may wear a support brace to allow the tissues and implant to heal properly. There is typically bruising and swelling for the first 5 to 7 days after chin augmentation surgery, and the swelling may not fully subside until months later.
Injectables that are used to perform a chin augmentation usually don't require a surgical team, general anesthesia or operating room, which means that the costs for this form of chin augmentation can be significantly lower than the expense of surgery. However, the cost of the products used in injectable chin augmentation can be higher.
How is cheek augmentation performed?
Cheek augmentation surgery is commonly used for cosmetic purposes. Initially, it was mainly used for reconstructing defects from birth or after an accident. Cosmetic surgery has quickly progressed, growing in popularity and benefiting from advances in technology. Now, cheek augmentations are used routinely to improve the appearance and prominence of an individual's cheeks.
A cheek augmentation allows a person to gain a more chiseled or defined face, with more balance. The look of high cheekbones and a thinner facial frame can be reached with a cheek augmentation for patients that were either born with a weaker cheekbone structure or for patients who have lost the fullness of their faces. Since aging tends to pull facial features in a more downcast manner, a cheek augmentation can lift the overall appearance of a person's face by adding more definition without a more invasive procedure like a facelift.
Depending on the goal, a cheek augmentation can often be a subtle change with dramatic results. Patients can either have cheek augmentation by having implants put in or injections. Taking into account the patient's facial frame and features, the surgeon alongside the patient will discuss the best options. For cheek implants, the incisions will be made inside of the mouth in most instances, though if other cosmetic procedures are being performed as well the incisions may overlap with the other surgeries.
Surgeons will create a space over the bone and place the chosen implant size and shape at the appropriate location. Since cheek augmentation implants require symmetry, the surgeon will sometimes more securely attach the implants to the bone to avoid the risk of implant shifts while healing.
The results of cheek augmentation are usually permanent if implants are used. Patients should expect bruising and swelling, but any pain and discomfort associated to it can be managed with prescription medications. Within a month the results should be evident, with the swelling and bruising subsiding within weeks of the procedure.
Recovery after cheek implants
Recovery after cheek implants is similar to other major surgeries. After you are awakened and brought into the recovery room, the recovery nurse will monitor your vital stats until you are ready to be released. During your recovery you must keep all incision and suture lines free of moisture to ensure proper healing. Do not allow creams, lotions, or topical Arnica into the incision because they can cause inflammation. The plastic surgeon will usually place Steri-Strips on top of your incision line and sutures, unless you had internal sutures.
For intra-oral incisions, you must keep your mouth clean by using an antiseptic mouthwash like Listerine several times a day and stay on a liquid diet until the incisions are healed. If you must touch your incision line for applying medications, only touch them with a clean latex or vinyl-gloved finger.
Monitor your body temperature regularly, as an elevated temperature could mean an infection. Take all antibiotics on time and if you are a female taking birth control, some antibiotics can interfere with their effectiveness so in the event that you do have relations, use another form of protection as well.
Swelling will be an issue during recovery. It can last up to 3 to 5 months, although this could be very slight and only noticed by you. During recovery after cheek implants, bruises may be present depending on the patient, the technique, and the effectiveness of the epinephrine. Ask your surgeon about vitamin A and C to reduce swelling and discolorations and improve healing. Cold compresses will reduce the chances of bruising and reduce swelling during the first couple of days.